Biodiversity is increased through grazing

The purpose of natural grazing is to promote the management of species-rich traditional biotopes and to strengthen the production of environmentally friendly meat, taking into account animal welfare.Grazing in a natural environment is one of the few food production methods that improves biodiversity. Grazing animals help to save traditional habitats that are disappearing, such as grasslands and woodlands, and the endangered animal and plant species that live there. Traditional habitats are among the most threatened habitats. They differ from all other habitats in that they require active management. That’s why we need a few percent of Finland’s cows, sheep and other grazers to do this work, because without grazing these valuable areas will become overgrown and disappear.Grazing protects the habitat of numerous species. In addition to familiar grassland species such as cat’s bells and strawberries, grazing helps to conserve a quarter of the country’s endangered species. Mowing plants need the light and space provided by grazing to compete with larger species. Many insects depend on mowing plants, and many bird species, among others, still depend on insects.The preservation of native habitats is particularly important for pollinating insects. Pollinators are extremely important for food security. Maintaining habitats acts as a kind of insurance that we are not relying solely on farmed bees for pollination.Grazing in a natural environment also benefits grazing animals. For example, grazing is a natural and species-specific way of life for cattle.

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